. Les Amaryllidaceae sont apparentées aux Liliaceae (lis), Asparagacées (asperges) et Alliacées (ail). Literature Important literature Baker, J.G. [25] He defined the latter as "Hexapetaloideous bulbous hexandrous monocotyledons, with an inferior ovarium, a six-parted perianthium with equitant sepals, and flat, spongy seeds" and included Amaryllis, Phycella, Nerine, Vallota, and Calostemma. In this respect, they were following Hutchinson's system (see above). Some also display a corona. [15] This system also formally described the Liliaceae, which were a separate order within the Stamina perigynia (Lilia). Quite the same Wikipedia. Genera see text Amaryllidaceae is the botanical name of a family of flowering plants, sometimes plants in this family are described as amaryllid in the vernacular. This positioned Lycorideae as sister to the remaining Mediterranean tribes.[73]. Parmi les genres présents en France, ou cultivés, on peut citer : les amaryllis (genres Amaryllis et Hippeastrum), les Clivia, les nivéoles (genres Leucojum et Acis), les narcisses et jonquilles (Narcissus), les perce-neiges (Galanthus), etc. 1888. [10][72] The Eurasian clade includes Lycorideae. Search this site: Humanities. Selon NCBI (16 avr. The subfamily consists of about seventy genera, with over eight hundred species, … The name Alliaceae currently has nomenclatural priority if the families are treated as one. Les Amaryllidacées sont distribuée… Family: Amaryllidaceae. The early 20th century was marked by increasing doubts about the placement of the alliaceous genera within Liliaceae. The leaves are usually linear, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem. Architecture and Environmental Design; Art History In this paper, we follow their classification in … Of these, one (Agapanthoideae) is monogeneric for Agapanthus (see Cladogram I). A Classification of the Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids. Cultivar d'Hippeastrum, l'« Amaryllis » des fleuristes, Trompette de Méduse (Narcissus bulbocodium) cultivée, Narcisse des poètes (Narcissus poeticus) cultivé, Oreille d'éléphant (Haemanthus albiflos) cultivé. Under this proposal, the three families became reduced to subfamilies (and by extension the subfamilies of Alliaceae s.s. being reduced to tribes.) English Articles. [62][63], The 2009 version of the APG formally adopted this broad view and the conserved name Amaryllidaceae. The major works in the late 19th and early 20th centuries employing this approach were German, those of Eichler (1875–1886), Engler, Prantl (1886–1924), and Wettstein (1901–1935). In their system, Amaryllidaceae was redefined to include some distantly related genera, and placed in Aspar- agales. Leaf shape may be linear, strap like, oblong, elliptic, lanceolate (lance shaped) or filiform (threadlike). 354 have studied 25 Amaryllidaceae alkaloids for possible inhibitory activity of their acetylcholinesterase enzyme (AChE). Field Name Description; ID: The unique identifier within The Plant List: Major group: The Major Plant Group to which this plant belongs: Family: The Family to which this plant belongs (within The Plant List’s taxonomic hierarchy): Genus hybrid marker Most genera grow from bulbs, but a few such as Agapanthus, Clivia and Scadoxus develop from rhizomes (underground stems).[4]. (Wikipedia) Scientific name: Agapanthus. The American clade includes the Hippeastreae, Eustephieae and Zephyranthinae.[10]. [74][75][72][76][77], The Angiosperm Phylogeny Website lists 73 genera and 1,605 species within Amaryllidaceae s.l.,[65] while The Plant List (2013) gives 80 genera and 2,258 species. Alan Meerow. A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161(2): 132–136. pH: 6-7.5. 2006) into four tribes, Pancratieae, Narcisseae, Galantheae and Lycorideae. This enzyme is biologically very important. Just better. A robust generic classification for Amaryllidaceae has remained elusive mainly due to the lack of unequivocal diagnostic characters, a consequence of highly canalized variation and a deeply reticulated evolutionary history. 3, Part 2. [10], In its second iteration (2003), the APG proposed simplifying the higher (core) Asparagales by reducing them to two more broadly circumscribed families, and provisionally proposed the name Alliaceae sensu lato (s.l.) Of the other two subfamilies, Allioideae was resolved into three subdivisions by the initial phylogenetic studies of Fay and Chase (1996). 1 49.399 48.165 50.588 Asparagaceae 2 49.399 48.165 50.588 Amaryllidaceae 3 41.932 34.549 47.605 Allium 4 22.184 15.232 34.812 Allium (Line 1) 5 19.655 13.491 31.145 Allium (Line 2–Line 3) 6 54.225 50.408 60.443 Asphodelaceae 7 62.724 58.043 67.976 Iridaceae 8 74.633 70.766 78.327 Genre Amaryllis L., 1753 Amaryllis est un genre de plantes à bulbes de la famille des Amaryllidaceae. Subfaimilies Agapanthoideae; Allioideae; Amaryllidoideae; The Amaryllidaceae are a faimily o herbaceous, perennial an bulbous flouerin plants includit in the monocot order Asparagales. Almond Subfamily: Plums - Amygdaloideae Plums, cherries, apricots, peaches, nectarines, and almonds are all included in the Prunus genus. When family Alliaceae was reduced to subfamily Allioideae, they were reduced to tribes, namely Allieae, Tulbaghieae and Gilliesieae (see Cladogram II). Stamens exserted from perianth; anthers 6 mm long. Taxonomy and Phylogeny. 83–110, Chapter 2. The family, which was originally created in 1805, now contains about 1600 species, divided into about 75 genera,[3] 17 tribes and three subfamilies, the Agapanthoideae (agapanthus), Allioideae (onions and chives) and Amaryllidoideae (amaryllis, daffodils, snowdrops). [49] Wettstein's Amaryllidaceae contained three subfamilies.,[50] including Amaryllidoideae and Agavoideae. XIV Amaryllideae Brown. Ce sont pour les botanistes les « amaryllis vraies ». Other elements are Eurasian and American, including an Andean subclade without necessarily following strictly tribal delimitations. Find Info For . [51] This approach was adopted by a number of other authorities, such as Dahlgren (1985)[52] and Rahn (1998). Amaryllidaceae belong to Class: Angiospermae: Monocotyledonae : Order: Asparagales Southern Africa has 210 endemic Amaryllidaceae species. The four most recent infrafamilial classifications of Amaryllidaceae are those of Traub (1963), Dahlgren, Clifford, and Yeo (1985), ... within the Andean clade), or else base substitution rates in the chloroplast genome are lower within the family than for other Asparagales. The family is in the monocot order Asparagales. Amaryllidaceae. Zephyranthes atamascocultivé 6. According to their structures, the Amaryllidaceae alkaloids are classified into eight skeleton types (6), for which the representative alkaloids are: lycorine (1), galanthamine (2), tazettine (3), narciclasine (4), montanine (5), lycorenine (6), haemanthamine (7), and crinine (8) (Figure 2). D'une Série linéaire et par conséquent artificielle, pour la disposition des familles naturelles du règne végetal p. 219, Endogenae, or Monocotyledonous Plants p. 251, Fam. The tepals are similar in shape and size, and may be free from each other or fused at the base (connate) to form a floral tube (hypanthium). This circumscription differs from the phylogenetic descriptions of Meerow and colleagues in several respects. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Just better. Find Info For. [53], Another approach was that of John Hutchinson (1926), who performed the first major recircumscription of the family in over a century. [71] Hutchinson was an early proponent of the larger Amaryllidaceae, transferring taxa from Liliaceae and had three tribes, Agapantheae, Allieae and Gilliesieae. The Amaryllidaceae … But Amaryllidaceae differs from Liliaceae in having inferior ovary, umbellate cyme inflorescence and presence of corona. The position of the ovary varies by subfamily, the Agapanthoideae and Allioideae have superior ovaries, while the Amaryllidoideae have inferior ovaries. within the order Asparagales. Find Info For . Meanwhile, Lindley had described two Chilean genera which for which he created a new family, Gilliesieae. Care: Moderate. Les noms des personnages, +liste des genres contenant des synonymes, Site de référence pour les Amaryllidaceae, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaryllidaceae&oldid=176658937, Taxobox utilisant la classification de Cronquist, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. A new tribe, Clinantheae was also identified in this group. Division: Magnoliophyta. 1968. 259–260; Liliaceae p. 279, Order XLVI Amaryllidaceae—Amaryllids pp. ... Taki et al. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Asteraceae. Select; Type. [58] Agapanthus had variously been included in Alliaceae or was placed in a separate family, Agapanthaceae. We Also Recommend. six stamens and one pistil)[8] containing 51 genera in all[9] in his sexual classification scheme. Selon Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (16 mars 2013)[2] : Selon DELTA Angio (16 mars 2013)[3] : Selon Tropicos (16 mars 2013)[4] (Attention liste brute contenant possiblement des synonymes) : Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Bulbeuses, pérennes, à ovaire infère, des régions tempérées à tropicales third version of the family ( )..., blunt leaves that are grouped at the base of the third version the., Agapantheae, and the conserved name Amaryllidaceae has been submitted to the remaining,. ( perigonium ) consists of about 50 species of ornamental South African herbs plant such as the Amaryllis.. Tepals arranged in umbels on the stem identified in this respect, they appreciated argument! Currently has nomenclatural priority if the families are treated as either liliaceous or amaryllidaceaous ( Cladogram... Been upheld by subsequent research and his definition remains valid today ( and Zephyranthinae. [ 10 ] shaped... 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