It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Habitat: Riparian. Scientific name: Nerium oleander Pronunciation: NEER-ee-um oh-lee-AN-der Common name(s): oleander Family: Apocynaceae USDA hardiness zones: 9A through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to southern Asia and the Mediterranean UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status:not assessed/incomplete assessment Uses: reclamation; urban tolerant; screen; specimen; trained as a standard; container or planter; hedge; deck or patio; parking lot island < 100 sq ft; parking lot island 100-200 sq ft; parking lot island > 200 sq ft; sidew… Habitat Native to North Africa and southwest Asia, oleander is an evergreen showy flowering shrub. Scientific Name: Nerium oleander. Oleander, bunga mentega atau bunga jepun (Nerium oleander) adalah tanaman perdu anggota keluarga Apocynaceae yang menghasilkan bunga sepanjang tahun Bunga jepun berasal dari Afrika bagian utara, bagian timur Mediterania dan juga Asia Tenggara. Habitat of the herb: River banks and river gravels in Europe. The Goblet is about 7 mm with a conical tube, 15 mm thick, with spatulated lobes of 12 -15 x 20 – 25 cm. Water regularly but let plant soils dry out between waterings. The oleander contains however other toxic principles, which are preserved even after drying. Flowering plant in native habitat ... often including uses and habitat.]. Sources The oleander fears the cold, it thrives well in its phytoclimatic zone that provides temperate places, sunny and sheltered from the cold. bunga Nerium oleander bermacam macam, mulai dari bunga yang berwarna putih atau kelabu, merah keunguan dan kuning kemerahan. Duration: Perennial, Evergreen. Nerium oleanderes una especie nativa de la cuenca del Mediterráneo hasta la región al sureste de China, limítrofe con Vietnam. Arizona Native Status: Introduced. An evergreen ornamental shrub belonging to dogbane family Apocynaceae and reaches the height of 12 feet. Oleander vulgaris Medik. It typically occurs around stream beds in river valleys, where it can alternatively tolerate long seasons of drought and inundation from winter rains. Location/Habitat:.The oleander originated in the Mediterranean regions such as Portugal and Morocco, and these plants generally grow in warm temperate or subtropical areas such as southern U.S., but they are present worldwide. Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. The flowers are hermaphroditic, arranged in multiflorous corimbose buds, tubulosis with simple or double petals and with peduncle of 2 – 3 mm; of color that varies from white to rosy or yellow and to carmine red. Description: Shrub, often with many stems from near ground level, up to c. 8 m high, sap watery. In its natural state it can not withstand temperatures below -5, -7 degrees Celsius. The old stems and branches have a grayish bark. Oleander is an evergreen ornamental shrub or small tree with long, narrow, dark … 160 kinds 7. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Morfologi Bunga Nerium Oleander Tanaman Nerium oleander memiliki bunga yang berkembang dalam seikat yang mengelilingi mahkota bunga pusat. Death comes by cardio-respiratory collapse. Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. The term Nerium comes from the Greek νερόν = νηρός nerón = nerós humid, fresh. Nerium oleander is a unique plant. – Pignatti S., 1982. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Shrub: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: NEOL: Plant Notes: Oleander is an introduced evergreen shrub in the Dogbane family (Apocynaceae). The lamina is lanceolate, acute at the apex, 1-2 cm wide and 10-14 cm long. Hardy to U.S. … This naturalized and widely cultivated garden and landscaping plant is native to the Mediterranean region. The Project was originally started by Dr. Tony Knight in 2001. If swallowed it leads to: bradycardia and increased respiration rate, gastric disorders, including vomiting, nausea and burning, disturbances on the central nervous system, including drowsiness. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The leaves are opposite or arranged in whorls of 3 or 4. Common Name: Oleander. Known hazards of Nerium oleander: The whole plant is very poisonous. Flowers : Pink, red or white, single or double, fragrant, bracteate. Preparation Mode – It branches into erect branches, commonly reaches a height of 1.5 m, and may even reach a height of 4 m. The branches are elastic. Oleander (Nerium oleander) is an evergreen shrub or small tree that is prized by home gardeners for its showy, funnel-shaped blooms. An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore. Nerium oleander Accepted Name Indian Oleander ... Habitat and Distribution . Leaves : Verticillate in 3 or 2 opposite, linear- lanceolate, narrow at both ends. The antesis takes place between May and July. Origin: Mediterranean area, Mid East and China 8. evergreen, woody plant 9. The leaves are hairless and coriaceous, arranged in whorls of 2-3, with a short petiole, with entire margin and robust and prominent central rib. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Plant Family: Apocynads (Apocynoideae) 2. The Nerium oleander is the only species of the genus Nerium and is one of the most toxic plants known. The chemical that kills and hydrogeological, The Principle of Sustainability and its contradiction, Il Consorzio Ecodomus – Edilizia ecosostenibile, Properties and characteristics of the Oleandro, Propiedades y características del Oleandro, Proprietà e caratteristiche dell'Oleandro. Etymology – These cookies do not store any personal information. by ; Dr. Chandra Barooah & Iftikher Ahmed (2014) Assam Science Technology and Environment Council. It is a highly polloniferous species. Flowering November, December, January, February, March. It also needs lots of sunlight and does not like to live in areas that have temperatures below freezing. © 2019 - Guide to Poisonous Plants | The information contained herein is provided as a public service with the understanding that Colorado State University makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information. Skin contact with the plant can cause irritation whilst ingestion of only one leaf has led to death in children. Turkey 6: 159 (1978) For its cultivation technique, the following sheet can be consulted. On rock walls, generally of calcareous origin from 0 to 200 m. Description – Nerium oleander is either native or naturalized to a broad area spanning from Northwest Africa and Iberian peninsula eastward through the Mediterranean region, to the Arabian peninsula, southern Asia, and as far east as Yunnan in southern parts of China. The oleander (Nerium oleander L., 1753) is an evergreen shrub or tree species belonging to the Apocynaceae family. Pliny claimed that he was able to kill snakes and that if he was associated with a wild animal, he caused it to interfere and that his honey was poisonous. Oleander (Nerieae) 3. Colorado State University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products. The oleander, for the great variety of colors is cultivated to beautify gardens and in the south to plant the streets. It is an exclusive species which is classified in genus Nerium. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to October. It is said that its fried stems were the deadly cause among Napoleon’s soldiers who used them for roasters: the fire distilled its glycosides that mixed with the meat causing poisoning. The plant belongs to the family Apocynaceae (the dogbane family), one of the largest plant families. The ovary is bilocular with 2 welded carpels, and with numerous ova. 1. The young branches are green and hairless. Promptly deadhead spent blooms to prevent formation of non-ornamental seed pods. It can live in many different kinds of habitats that other plants could never survive in. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Nerium is a genus of one species – Nerium oleander that is native to Europe and Asia. General Habitat. Habit & habitat, Etymology & pronunciation, Other interesting information, stories etc., Others, Botanical names, Common names, Main point of discussion below, Discussion about Botanical names. – Treben M., 2000. The most affected animal species are equines, cattle and small carnivores. Apuleius narrates, in his “Metamorphoses” that Lucio was transformed into a donkey and while he was looking for the roses that had to give him the human form, he was deceived by the flowers of oleander but before he bit into it he noticed his danger. ), Fl. The bark of the oleander is either grayish or greenish gray in color. Datasheet Type(s): Invasive Species, Host Plant. Geographic Distribution and Habitat – Nerium verecundum Salisb. Leaves: leathery, lan… About Nerium oleander Plant : Habit : A small shrub with milky juice present. Height growth: up to 3 m 10. Nerium Oleander Facts: Nerium oleander is an evergreen shrub or small tree in the dogbane family and is the only species currently classified in the genus Nerium. Because of its toxic properties, the Nerium oleander does not find any application in the kitchen while some active ingredients can be used in homeopathy or phytotherapy for diseases related to heart failure. Habitat and Distribution. Some dwarf cultivars stay as low as 3 to 5 feet. Health from the Pharmacy of the Lord, Advice and experience with medicinal herbs, Ennsthaler Publisher EUNIS habitat classification 2012 amended 2019 > F - Heathland, scrub and tundra > F9 - Riverine and fen scrubs > F9.3 - Southern riparian galleries and thickets > F9.31 - Nerium oleander, … It is considered drought resistant, however it prefers to live along river banks in moist soil. Clifford: 76, Nerium 1 [beta]; ; (BM-000558145) LT designated by Stearn in Davis (ed. La adelfa es una planta que se adapta a condiciones de clima seco que tolera las bajas temperaturas, pero solo las heladas ocasionales. From the systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, Kingdom Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Magnoliopsida Class, Gentianales Order, Apocynaceae Family, Apocynoideae Subfamily, Nerieae Tribe, Neriinae Sottotribù and therefore to the Genus Nerium and to the Species N. oleander. – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. However, container plants seem to do best in fertile soils with good drainage. The fruit is an elongated fusiform follicle of brown color, of 1 x 10 -15 cm, which at maturity opens up spreading densely hairy seeds with brownish pappi. Open areas. Colorado State University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products. The leaf is glabrous, lanceolate, and is carried on a … Your email address will not be published. Its preferential habitat is that of stony, sandy environments along the banks of streams and rivers. En la actualidad ha sido introducida ampliamente en regiones de clima templado, siendo utilizada frecuentemente en parques, jardines, como setos, parterres o separadores. Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub. Furthermore its toxic properties have been used as a “weapon” for the murder described in the film White Oleander. Nerium oleander is a small, poisonous tree or shrub that belongs to the Apocynaceae family of plants. Nerium oleander (Oleander) is a common riparian evergreen shrub. Nerium is widely cultivated and over 400 varieties have been described, but there is just 1 species in the genus. The whole plant (leaves, bark, seeds) is toxic for any animal species. Tanaman ini tumbuh dengan baik pada daerah kering beriklim hangat dan dapat dibudidayakan di berbagai daerah. The Nerium oleander, in its spontaneous state, assumes a shrubby habit, with stems that are generally not very branched, starting from the stumps, first erect, then arched outwards. In the horse we also have the appearance of serious and deep lesions in the oral mucosa. Bunga ini terletak di ujung cabang dan mempunyai diameter sekitar 2,5 sampai 5 cm. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Common Name: Evergreen Oleander 6. altogether ca. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Es un arbusto resistente a los vientos fuertes, altas temperaturas, sequia estacion… – Acta Plantarum – Flora of the Italian Regions. Leaves narrow-elliptic to lanceolate, 6–20 cm long, 10–30 mm wide, apex acute, base tapered, margins entire, lamina leathery, both surfaces ?glabrous, lower surface paler; secondary veins > 30; petiole mm long. Most cultivars will grow to 8 to 12 feet tall and almost as wide. Oleander is also grown as a potted house plant in northern climates. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Oleander is native to dry Mediterranean stream beds, and established plants will tolerate some drought and poor soils. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). NERIUM OLEANDER International Programme on Chemical Safety Poisons Information Monograph 366 Plant 1. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Nerium oleander L. APNI* . Attention: Pharmaceutical applications and alimurgical uses are indicated for informational purposes only, they do not in any way represent a medical prescription; there is therefore no liability for their use for curative, aesthetic or food purposes. Both the leaves and the stem are poisonous. Uses and Traditions – Plant Characteristics. Unsupported Web Browser: One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. In some protected areas mature plants may reach up to 20 feet tall. | The information contained herein is provided as a public service with the understanding that Colorado State University makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information. A very poisonous plant it is sometimes gathered from the wild for medicinal and other uses. Blossom: In warm areas all-year, otherwise May to October 11. panicles in white or rose-coloured 12. Nombre binomial Nerium oleander L., La Adelfa (Nerium oleander L.), también conocida como "Laurel rosa", es la única especie perteneciente al género Nerium incluido en la familia (Apocynaceae). Required fields are marked *. Nerium oleander is planted in many subtropical and tropical areas of the world. (0 ratings) 0. 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